Male sterilization or vasectomy is a procedure performed on a man that will permanently keep him from being able to get a woman pregnant. This procedure keeps a man’s sperm from going to his penis, ensuring that his ejaculate does not have any sperm in it that can fertilize an egg.



  • Vasectomy is a safe and highly effective approach to preventing pregnancy.
  • It is permanent, so there is no need to worry about birth control again.
  • The procedure is simple to do and usually involves only a small amount of discomfort.
  • There is a short recovery time after the procedure.
  • It is the most cost-effective of all birth control methods.
  • It is private. It is your choice if your partner knows about it.


Want to make sure pregnancy is not in your future? Tubal ligation (sometimes called sterilization, female sterilization, or “getting your tubes tied”) is a safe and effective surgical procedure that permanently prevents pregnancy.

How does tubal sterilization work?

Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that permanently closes or blocks your fallopian tubes. Every month, an egg leaves one of your ovaries (called ovulation). The egg moves through one of your fallopian tubes for a few days, waiting for sperm to come fertilize it. Pregnancy happens if a sperm cell meets up with one of your eggs, and the fertilized egg implants in your uterus.

When the fallopian tubes are blocked after a tubal ligation, sperm can’t get to an egg and cause pregnancy. Tubal ligation is sometimes known as sterilization, female sterilization or “getting your tubes tied.” There are a few different types of sterilization procedures.

You still get your period after tubal ligation — you just can’t get pregnant.